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There are 4 classifications of Dementia which are as follows:

Cortical Dementia, this is where the brain damage mainly affects the brains cortex or outer layer. People suffering from a type of dementia tend to experience symptoms of memory loss, communication, reasoning and social behaviour problems.

Sub Cortical Dementia is the parts of the brain below the cortex are affected. Symptoms are mood changes, loss of memory and movement problems. 

Primary Dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease is where dementia is caused solely by one disease.

Secondary dementia is where dementia occurs from either a physical disease or from injury to the brain.

Dementia is not a mental health issue even though it affects brain functions. Some people get diagnosed as having mixed dementia, this is when the presentation shows the person to have elements of more than one type of dementia.

Dementia is a progressive condition, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. This progression will vary from person to person and each person will experience dementia in a different way. Although the person will have some of the above symptoms, the degree to which they affect an individual will vary and not all people will have all of these symptoms.